“If we suffer the enemy to pass through the Jerseys without attempting anything upon them, I think we shall ever regret it… People expect something from us & our strength demands it.”
– Nathanael Greene to George Washington
Thunderstorms. Mosquitoes. Oppressive humidity. British and Continental troops faced the worst of a New Jersey summer as they trekked across the state toward an inevitable collision in June of 1778. When they crossed paths in the fields outside Monmouth Courthouse (today’s Freehold), the newly-trained Continental Army fought the British to a standstill in what’s acknowledged to be the largest artillery battle of the American Revolution. The Battle of Monmouth, fought on June 28, 1778, proved that Washington’s troops could stand up to what was thought to be the world’s best fighting forces.
The Road to Monmouth follows two routes of march that pass through beautiful countryside and charming historic legacy communities. The British path crossed the Delaware River at Philadelphia to Gloucester City and Cooper’s Ferry (today’s Camden) through Haddonfield, Mount Holly, Columbus, Mansfield, Crosswicks and Allentown. Washington’s army paralleled the British movement, crossing the Delaware at Lambertville and passing through Rockville, Hopewell, Kingston, and Cranbury toward Englishtown. The two armies met at the Battle of Monmouth, just west of Freehold.