First Middlebrook Encampment – Martinsville, NJ


In late May of 1777, Washington moved his small army of under 8,000 men from the winter encampment at Morristown to a seasonal encampment near Martinsville in the Middlebrook Heights straddling the ridge of the First Watchung Mountains. The position provided a natural fortress that protected the Continental Army and overlooked the Raritan and Millstone River valleys to New Brunswick. Although General Howe had an army of 17,000 British and Hessian 17,000 troops at New Brunswick and Perth Amboy, Washington’s position would allow him to flank the British if they attempted to cross New Jersey to attack Philadelphia.

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